Sambo is a martial art and sport of Russian
origin. Sambo, mostly spelled "Sombo" in the U.S.A. and "Самбo" in
Russian, is the acronym of "Самозащита
(Samozatchita bes orujiya) literally translated into "Self-defense without
||1. Sometimes "Самооборана без оружия" (Samooborana
bes orujiya) is used. Оборана
(oborana) is a synonym for защита (zatchita) both
translate as defense.
2. The Cyrillic or Russian letter "C" is pronounced as an English
"S" (also as "Ç" in French) and the "б" is an
English "b." "САМБО"(in capital letters here) should be
pronounced as "SOMBO" or "SAMBO" Samo = auto(self,)
zatchita = defense, bes = without, orougia = weapons. [We'll settle the sambo -
sombo issue later.]
Sport Sambo has been derived from Japanese Judo by Vasilij S. Otschepkov who
was born on Sakhalin Island in the far east of Russia. The sport has been
"russified" through the influence of various Russian traditional wrestling
styles. Kharlampiev and Spiridonov have also contributed to the evolution
of Sambo. On November 16, 1938 Sambo was recognized by the All-Union Committee
of Physical Culture (USSR.) That day is considered as the official birthday of
Sambo is much more western then oriental in its tradition and style.
The uniform consists of a jacket called "kurtka" in either red
or blue with a belt of matching color. The kurtka has four large buttonhole-type
openings to insert the belt which therefore keeps the kurta in place. The kurtka also has
protruding epaulets on either side of the shoulders to allow for strong grips. It
has a tighter fit then judo gui's or kimonos. Tight shorts of matching color and sambo
shoes with suede soles are also part of the uniform. (Instead of holes for
the belt certain manufactures sew 3 or 4 loops for the belt.)
During a competition the two opponents wear kurkti of different color.
Thus every competitor has two sets of kurtki and shorts; one red and one blue.
Sometimes reversible red and blue kurtki are worn. ("kurtki" is the
plural of "kurtka")
Opponents shake hands before and after a match instead of bowing.
In Russian the sport is usually referred to as "борьа
самбо" (borba sambo) which translates as "wrestling
sambo." We are posting the sport rules in four languages on our rules page.
Sport Sambo has a distinct additional discipline referred to as "Combat
Sambo." Combat Sambo has the same origins as sport sambo but includes chokes,
holds, moves, throws, and kicks and strikes which are illegal in sport sambo. Sport
sambo is different from combat sambo.
MORE INFORMATION TO COME SOON.
Vancouver BC Canada
The Sambo classes were started at the University of British Columbia on
September 1997 on the initiative of the coach, Master of Sport in Sambo Vadim Slavin, merely one year
after his arrival in Canada.
The sambo club is the youngest of some 25 different martial arts classes
offered at the Student
Recreation Centre of the University of British Columbia. This is the largest
variety of martial arts offered by one organization in Canada and probably even in North
America. Many sambo members are university students but we encourage anyone
interested to join the club.
|08:30 pm - 10:00 pm
08:30 pm - 10:00 pm
||03:00 pm - 04:30 pm
||01:30 pm - 03:00 pm
During the weekend classes we often are joined by judo, wrestlers, or other
martial art members. This shows the interest the club has generated for the sport of
We are the only active club in Western Canada and possibly in the entire
country. We started to train in judo kimonos when kurtki where not available. Now more
students get kurtki. As you will see from the pictures, we train bare feet
because this is required in the Japanese dojo tradition. We follow the "barbo
sambo" rules but you will notice from out pictures that we do allow chokes in out
training but not for competitions. We allow and teach chokes in our training so that our
students will be able to compete in judo and brazillian jujitsu too.
UBC SAMBO also includes training in SUBMISSION WRESTLING, a
rapidly growing and one of the most complete and realistic styles of
Oleg Taktarov visits and promotes our club and sambo with seminars and
demonstrations. Oleg Taktarov was world champion in sambo and in various martial arts:
refer to almost the bottom of our Home
Page and also to the picture galleries.
Some martial arts students, wrestlers, and judo members of UBC join our
training in order to learn specific sambo techniques. We have had club guests like a
former student of Sambo-70 now residing in Vancouver. Some other sambo practitioners live
in Vancouver and came from Russia and its neighboring countries. We hope to renew their
interest in sambo.
If you practice sambo or are interested we invite you to visit us or to
participate as a guest.
Do not hesitate to contact us. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org